« 鮭愛 | トップページ | 鮭膳会 »

アイヌ語のほっちゃれ

 以前のエントリー、「ほっちゃれ」でホッチャレの語源としてアイヌ語という説があると紹介しました。で、トラックバック元の”ころころ”さんとも約束したので、調べてみました。
 先に結論をかくと、「微妙」というところでしょうか。

 肝心の部分ですが、更科源蔵・光による「コタン生物記」にありました。


一般に北海道では産卵の終わった老魚のことをホッチャレといっている。アイヌ語のホ・チャリで、尻からばらまくの意からともいわれているが、日本語らしいという説もある。アイヌ語ではこれをホ・キライ(尻が櫛<になる>の意)といったり、オイシル・チェプ(ものがこすった魚)といったり、とくにすっかり産卵が終わって卵のなくなった雌魚を、チポロ・サク(卵なし)、雄のホッチャレをウプ・サク(白子なし)などと呼ぶところもある。

 この記述が頭にあったので前回のエントリーになりました。ひとまず「ホ・チャリ」という言葉がアイヌ語にあるということが確認できます。ただ、つづいて、「ピシル・チェプ」などの言葉が続いており、呼び名は各地違うなかの一つということのようです。「日本語らしい」ということで、日本語の「放り投げる」の「ほっちゃる」のニュアンスが気に入ってアイヌの人達が使ったのか、「ホ・チャリ」を聞いた和人たちが「放る」と結び付けて使ったのかわかりません。

 ただ、アイヌ語は地域による違いが大きいので、他の人はどのようにほっちゃれのアイヌ語を報告しているのだろうかと思い、犬飼哲夫氏の記述をみると、サケの名称として、


サケ カムイチェップ
雄サケ チャ
雌サケ オス
大きいサケ シチャ
小さいサケ モチャ
大きい雌 ポロオス
小さい雌 ポンオス
銀毛 アッツヨルンチェップ
ホッチャレ シルカムイチェップ ないし オンネムカムイチェップ
(犬飼哲夫「アイヌの鮭漁に於ける祭事」より)

 このように記載されていました。ちなみにこれは白老の事例です。ホッチャレは別の名称が与えられています。その他の人の報告を見ても、意味としては、尾鰭が櫛のようになった(ぼろぼろになった)という意味が多いようです。

 ということで初めに延べたように「微妙」ということでまとめさせていただきます。
 しかし、今回調べるとアイヌにしても和人にしてもサケに関する名称が非常に多様であることがわかります。また機会をみて、名前の話を紹介させていただこうと思います。
 なお、文献は谷川健一編「鮭・鱒の民俗」三一書房(1996)に所収の論文を利用しました。

2004 06 15 01:52 PM | 固定リンク

トラックバック

この記事のトラックバックURL:
http://app.cocolog-nifty.com/t/trackback/17258/772947

この記事へのトラックバック一覧です: アイヌ語のほっちゃれ:

コメント

はあぁぁ、アイヌ語でも色々な呼び方があるんですね、方言のような感じなのでしょうか、でも、色々な呼び方が有る分、やはり馴染みの深い魚なんですね

投稿者: ころころ (Jul 4, 2004 8:41:33 PM)

 語彙の豊富さは、それだけ生活に密着している証拠なのでしょうね。ただ、アイヌ語の場合、地域差が多いのですがこれが方言かというと難しいようで、そのため語源を調べるのがなかなか難しいようです。かなり日本語が入り込んだりしているようですし。
 この辺についてはおいおい調べていきたいと思います。

投稿者: ruger (Jul 5, 2004 8:51:37 AM)

ruger.air-nifty.com is great! Payday loans are the best way to upset the entire requirement that arise instantly It helps to cater all the monetary need that crop up suddenly It is also very easy to avail this loan without involving much hassle as they are available online

投稿者: payday loans toronto (Jul 27, 2010 9:29:57 AM)

This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. This is very nice one and gives in-depth information. Thanks for this nice article.

投稿者: online payday loans (Sep 21, 2010 5:27:37 PM)

Excellent read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

投稿者: payday loans in canada (Sep 22, 2010 5:13:04 AM)

Wow! Thank you! I always wanted to write in my webpage something like that. Can I take part of your publish to my blog? ttjasjhtnmd

投稿者: no faxing loans (Sep 23, 2010 4:13:07 AM)

I am doing something of the same interest and will be taking note on this .Thanks.

投稿者: loans online no fax (Sep 26, 2010 4:44:06 AM)

Finally, an issue that I am passionate about. I have looked for information of this caliber for the last several hours. Your site is greatly appreciated.

投稿者: loans in canada (Sep 26, 2010 2:30:01 PM)

Pretty good post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed reading your blog posts. Any way I'll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you post again soon.

投稿者: loan canada bad credit (Sep 27, 2010 3:02:19 AM)

This site is a complete internet resource for this. You'll find all you wanted or needed to know, here.

投稿者: bad credit loans canada (Sep 27, 2010 5:27:04 PM)

Hi buddy, highly informative submit. Please keep them coming.

投稿者: loans bc (Sep 28, 2010 3:45:29 AM)

I am doing something of the same interest and will be taking note on this .Thanks.

投稿者: payday loan ontario (Sep 28, 2010 5:35:35 PM)

This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. This is rather nice one and gives in-depth information. Thanks for this nice article.

投稿者: loans for bad credit (Sep 29, 2010 4:23:33 AM)

Thanks for sharing your thoughts. Take care.

投稿者: losing weight (Oct 2, 2010 9:41:00 AM)

This is such a terrific resource that you are providing and you give it away for free. I love seeing websites that understand the value of providing a quality resource for free. It is the old what goes around comes around routine. Did you acquired lots of links and I see lots of trackbacks??

投稿者: lose weight (Oct 2, 2010 4:59:47 PM)

This article gives the light in which we can observe the reality. This is quite nice one and gives in-depth information. Thanks for this nice article.

投稿者: personal credit loans (Oct 3, 2010 6:17:26 PM)

Thanks for such a good post and the critique, I am totally impressed! Maintain stuff like this coming.

投稿者: loans in canada with bad credit (Oct 4, 2010 8:13:39 AM)

High quality submit. Thank for sharing.

投稿者: bad credit loans (Oct 15, 2010 6:03:24 AM)

Exceptional read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

投稿者: bad credit loans canada (Oct 16, 2010 3:30:05 AM)

Well, the submit is actually the sweetest on this deserving topic. I agree with your conclusions and will eagerly look forward to your incoming updates. Just saying thanks will not just be adequate, for the fantastic clarity in your writing. I will at once grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates. Beneficial work and much success in your business endeavors!

投稿者: loan money store (Oct 17, 2010 4:51:00 AM)

I'm happy to have found your extremely effective article! I agree with some of your readers and will eagerly look forward to your coming updates. Just saying thanks will not just be adequate, for the terrific lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay privy of any updates. Superb work and much success in your business efforts.

投稿者: payday loan application (Oct 18, 2010 9:48:05 AM)

A fairly nice niche blog, and a excellent design there sparks Simplicity yet complex algorithm of the net. Thank You.

投稿者: best loans for bad credit people (Oct 19, 2010 10:47:57 AM)

I'm doing something of the same interest and will be taking note on this .Thanks.

投稿者: laptop deals (Oct 20, 2010 2:50:06 AM)

Easily, the post is really the greatest on this laudable topic. I concur with your conclusions and will thirstily look forward to your future updates. Saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the amazing lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay privy of any updates. Solid work and much success in your business enterprise!

投稿者: loan (Oct 20, 2010 10:55:21 AM)

Thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love learning more on this topic. If possible, as you gain expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more information? It is extremely helpful for me.

投稿者: loan with bad credit history (Oct 21, 2010 3:50:52 AM)

This website is the optimum blog site.

投稿者: loan for bad credit history (Oct 25, 2010 5:54:03 PM)

This website is the superior website.

投稿者: loan bad credit canada (Oct 26, 2010 4:33:10 AM)

This website is the greatest web blog.

投稿者: payday lenders (Oct 27, 2010 8:07:45 AM)

This website is the most beneficial online site.

投稿者: loan no credit (Oct 28, 2010 3:31:01 AM)

This website is the very best world-wide-web page.

投稿者: bad credit loan personal (Oct 30, 2010 2:06:34 AM)

This website is the ideal online site.

投稿者: personal bad credit loan (Nov 1, 2010 3:57:07 PM)

This website is the greatest world-wide-web page.

投稿者: payday loans ontario canada (Nov 2, 2010 7:37:48 AM)

This website is the most popular web blog.

投稿者: bad credit loans canada (Nov 3, 2010 4:42:21 AM)

This website is the most helpful site.

投稿者: bad credit loans (Nov 4, 2010 7:49:39 AM)

This website is the most popular ?nternet site.

投稿者: bad credit payday loan (Nov 5, 2010 6:59:47 AM)

This website is the ultimate world-wide-web page.

投稿者: bad credit loans (Nov 6, 2010 2:45:30 AM)

This website is the superior online site.

投稿者: cash advance loans (Nov 6, 2010 10:33:27 AM)

This website is the most excellent web site.

投稿者: loans toronto bad credit (Nov 7, 2010 4:32:28 AM)

This website is the incredibly best world-wide-web page.

投稿者: payday cash advance canada (Nov 9, 2010 6:12:18 PM)

This website is the ultimate website.

投稿者: loans with bad credit (Nov 10, 2010 7:43:07 AM)

This website is the very best world-wide-web site.

投稿者: cash advance canada (Nov 10, 2010 5:23:46 PM)

This website is the most excellent online site.

投稿者: get loan with bad credit (Nov 11, 2010 8:01:35 AM)

This website is the most effective net page.

投稿者: apply for loans (Nov 11, 2010 6:14:01 PM)

This website is the most desirable web-site.

投稿者: cash advance (Nov 12, 2010 5:30:08 AM)

This website is the most beneficial blog site.

投稿者: cash advances (Nov 13, 2010 3:44:47 AM)

This website is the greatest net page.

投稿者: get a loan with bad credit (Nov 13, 2010 12:40:15 PM)

This website is the highest quality internet sites.

投稿者: national cash advance (Nov 14, 2010 5:09:17 AM)

This website is the incredibly best net page.

投稿者: loans bad credit (Nov 15, 2010 4:30:01 AM)

This website is the finest net page.

投稿者: personal loan (Nov 15, 2010 2:33:51 PM)

This website is the top rated world wide web site.

投稿者: loan online (Nov 16, 2010 9:46:03 AM)

This website is the finest internet sites.

投稿者: payday loans canada (Nov 17, 2010 8:21:30 AM)

This website is the most beneficial online site.

投稿者: payday loan canada (Nov 18, 2010 4:18:31 AM)

This website is the superior online site.

投稿者: personal loans bad credit (Nov 19, 2010 9:26:06 AM)

This website is the top website.

投稿者: loans bad credit canada (Nov 20, 2010 4:28:33 AM)

This website is the finest site.

投稿者: fast weight loss tips (Nov 25, 2010 4:40:36 PM)

This website is the superior net page.

投稿者: diet for quick weight loss (Nov 29, 2010 3:21:51 PM)

This website is the most beneficial internet site.

投稿者: bad credit loans (Nov 30, 2010 11:23:50 AM)

This website is the very best world-wide-web site.

投稿者: organic mattress (Dec 7, 2010 5:23:38 PM)

This website is the most effective website. lejamhre

投稿者: payday loans (Dec 18, 2010 11:08:46 AM)

This website is the most excellent web portal. xclzaugt

投稿者: school grants (Dec 19, 2010 6:10:30 AM)

This website is the most significant world-wide-web page. dfooohrl

投稿者: sample resume (Dec 22, 2010 3:48:28 PM)

I am looking for football online shopping. How can I find it?

投稿者: football online (Dec 24, 2010 2:07:27 PM)

Thanks for the info about salmo????: ??????????

投稿者: calendar template (Jan 8, 2011 4:33:02 AM)

Your post about salmo????: ?????????? rocks!

投稿者: payday loan online (Jan 9, 2011 7:33:13 AM)

Amazing post about salmo????: ??????????!

投稿者: digital photo frame (Jan 9, 2011 3:37:05 PM)

Unfogettable post about salmo????: ??????????!

投稿者: fitness gym (Jan 10, 2011 2:48:19 AM)

Unbelievable post about salmo????: ??????????!

投稿者: green home (Jan 10, 2011 9:29:55 AM)

Very very nice post about salmo????: ??????????!

投稿者: hair removal (Jan 10, 2011 4:29:49 PM)

I appreciate all your hard work and your post about salmo????: ??????????!

投稿者: home made pizza (Jan 11, 2011 2:42:33 AM)

Excellent read about salmo????: ??????????!

投稿者: school grants (Jan 12, 2011 2:20:52 PM)

Exceptional blogpost with reference to salmo????: ??????????!

投稿者: payday loan advance (Jan 13, 2011 1:37:56 PM)

富山県東部では、放っておく、放置しておくという意味で「ほっちゃる」と言います。捨てるという意味で使う地域もあるようですが、うちの地域では「ほっちゃっておく」=「放っておく」(捨てる意味ではなく)です。昔から蝦夷との交流があったので、もしかするとその影響かもしれません。

投稿者: Toyama (Aug 2, 2011 3:21:43 AM)

Cheap alternative http://www.brandssolution.co.uk/uploads/160_120/pharmacy/index-18.html buy in australia store.

投稿者: bsolution (Aug 21, 2017 4:43:38 PM)

How to buy without seeing a doctor in canada http://www.brandssolution.co.uk/uploads/160_120/pharmacy/trittico.html buy cheapest uk.

投稿者: bsolution (Aug 21, 2017 8:24:55 PM)

Elad budapest, http://www.cuttsconsulting.com/blog/wp-content/gyogyszertar/uropyrine.html - ara webaruhaz.

投稿者: gyogyszertar online (Aug 26, 2017 3:13:25 AM)

v online lekarnach online, http://dragonize.com/blog/wp-content/lekarna/climen.html - brno recept.

投稿者: lekarna (Aug 26, 2017 5:55:14 AM)

v online lekarnach online, http://dragonize.com/blog/wp-content/lekarna/climen.html - brno recept.

投稿者: lekarna (Aug 26, 2017 5:55:45 AM)

v online lekarnach online, http://dragonize.com/blog/wp-content/lekarna/climen.html - brno recept.

投稿者: lekarna (Aug 26, 2017 5:56:04 AM)

v online lekarnach online, http://dragonize.com/blog/wp-content/lekarna/climen.html - brno recept.

投稿者: lekarna (Aug 26, 2017 5:56:42 AM)

cena na lekarsky predpisu, http://www.mericanyc.com/wp-content/lekarna/azilect.html - naklady prodej.

投稿者: lekarna (Aug 26, 2017 3:18:41 PM)

bestellen apotheke http://lezersonderzoek.com/nphf/apotheke/risperdal.html rezeptfrei online.

投稿者: Lezersonderzoek (Sep 18, 2017 3:33:11 AM)

En vente en pharmacie http://fenedgefestival.co.uk/weekend/machform/css/pharmacie/torasemide.html prix en pharmacie Belgique.

投稿者: fenedgefestival (Sep 18, 2017 4:16:36 AM)

online apotheke gutschein http://london-removal.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/mainwp/apotheke/aciclobeta.html mini preis.

投稿者: www.london-removal.co.uk (Sep 18, 2017 1:32:48 PM)

online apotheke gutschein http://london-removal.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/mainwp/apotheke/aciclobeta.html mini preis.

投稿者: www.london-removal.co.uk (Sep 18, 2017 1:33:22 PM)

online apotheke gutschein http://london-removal.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/mainwp/apotheke/aciclobeta.html mini preis.

投稿者: www.london-removal.co.uk (Sep 18, 2017 1:34:30 PM)

online apotheke gutschein http://london-removal.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/mainwp/apotheke/aciclobeta.html mini preis.

投稿者: www.london-removal.co.uk (Sep 18, 2017 1:35:10 PM)

Diario e seguro http://www.dotpeak.com/assets/farmacia/theophylline.html generica precio.

投稿者: dotpeak.com (Sep 19, 2017 3:05:50 AM)

Pastillas genericas http://www.liftingequipmentdirectuk.co.uk/wp-content/farmacia/keflex.html donde se puede comprar.

投稿者: liftingequipmentdirectuk.co.uk (Sep 19, 2017 3:07:04 AM)

Achat securise http://earmuffsforkids.co.uk/newshop/includes/extra/pharmacie/ritonavir.html prix Espagne.

投稿者: earmuffsforkids.co.uk (Sep 19, 2017 7:59:26 PM)

Bestellen amsterdam, http://8thburgesshillscouts.co.uk/random/apotheek/trinidazole.html , kopen waar kopen.

投稿者: 8thburgesshillscouts (Sep 27, 2017 12:31:53 PM)

Bestellen amsterdam, http://8thburgesshillscouts.co.uk/random/apotheek/trinidazole.html , kopen waar kopen.

投稿者: 8thburgesshillscouts (Sep 27, 2017 12:32:48 PM)

online generic, http://natalie.pierotti.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/apotek/ecitalopram.html , tabletter generic.

投稿者: www.crawleyplumber.com (Sep 27, 2017 6:41:21 PM)

kopa snabb leverans, http://natalie.pierotti.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/apotek/nalgesic.html , kostar saljes.

投稿者: hiresounds.co.uk (Sep 28, 2017 1:25:01 AM)

kopa snabb leverans, http://natalie.pierotti.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/apotek/nalgesic.html , kostar saljes.

投稿者: hiresounds.co.uk (Sep 28, 2017 1:25:31 AM)

kopa snabb leverans, http://natalie.pierotti.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/apotek/nalgesic.html , kostar saljes.

投稿者: hiresounds.co.uk (Sep 28, 2017 1:26:19 AM)

kopa snabb leverans, http://natalie.pierotti.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/apotek/nalgesic.html , kostar saljes.

投稿者: hiresounds.co.uk (Sep 28, 2017 1:27:31 AM)

Senza ricetta prezzo http://www.maglificiomatisse.it/wp-includes/css/farmacia/methotrexate.html acquisto on line generico.

投稿者: Maglificio (Sep 30, 2017 9:49:00 PM)

comprare pillole http://hoppydays.org/wp-includes/Text/farmacia/permite.html acquisto on line senza ricetta.

投稿者: hoppydays.org (Oct 1, 2017 6:26:43 AM)

comprare pillole http://hoppydays.org/wp-includes/Text/farmacia/permite.html acquisto on line senza ricetta.

投稿者: hoppydays.org (Oct 1, 2017 6:27:15 AM)

Where can I get fast http://deserticecastle.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/pharmacy/lagnos.html where to buy generic.

投稿者: Desert Ice Castle (Oct 5, 2017 3:42:29 AM)

kaufen online rezept http://www.sgm-berlin.com/wp-includes/ID3/apotheke/etiltox.html generika preis apotheke.

投稿者: Berlin SGM (Dec 3, 2017 10:41:06 AM)

kaufen online rezept http://www.sgm-berlin.com/wp-includes/ID3/apotheke/etiltox.html generika preis apotheke.

投稿者: Berlin SGM (Dec 3, 2017 10:41:50 AM)

kaufen online rezept http://www.sgm-berlin.com/wp-includes/ID3/apotheke/etiltox.html generika preis apotheke.

投稿者: Berlin SGM (Dec 3, 2017 10:42:06 AM)

op recept, http://www.rebeccafarmerphotography.com/?page_name=ciplox - kopimedicin online.

投稿者: REBECCAFARMERPHOTOGRAPHY (Dec 10, 2017 3:59:11 AM)

bez receptu brno, http://czlekarna.life/cefotrix.html - pilulka receptu.

投稿者: CZLEKARNA.life (Dec 13, 2017 1:36:19 AM)

bez receptu brno, http://czlekarna.life/cefotrix.html - pilulka receptu.

投稿者: CZLEKARNA.life (Dec 13, 2017 1:36:41 AM)

compra de tablets, http://portugal-farmacia.life/pollenshield.html - preco tablets.

投稿者: Portugal Farmacia (Dec 14, 2017 7:12:28 AM)

コメントを書く