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万国博覧会とサケの人工ふ化事業

人工孵化事業草創期についてのエッセイです。
埼玉県立川の博物館のサイトより。
万国博覧会とサケの人工ふ化事業

 近代において博覧会が非常に大きな役割を、特に産業分野においてもたらしましたが、サケもまたフィアデルフィア万博が大きな影響を与えた、ということです。


はじめに
 平成10年7月18日~8月30日の期間、平成10年度第1回特別展「川の旅びと・鮭」を開催した。この特別展を準備している過程で、サケ・マスの人工ふ化事業に先鞭をつけた関沢明清なる人物の存在を知り得た。 そこで、ここでは関沢明清を軸に、明治9年を嚆矢とするサケ・マスの人工孵化事業の顛末と博覧会の果たした役割を簡単に紹介する。

 この関沢明清はサケにかぎらず捕鯨など明治初期の水産業において欠くことのできないひとです。このサイトでも紹介されていますが、非常に濃密な伝記が刊行されています。
 和田頴太著「鮭と鯨と日本人~関沢明清の生涯」成山堂書店
 興味を持たれた方はご一読ください。
 あと、この話でおもしろいのは、最初の放流が荒川と相模川で行われた、というところです。生物学的な知識の少ないこの時期、放流実見は結果として失敗に終わったのですが、和田氏の伝記によれば、ニュースとして大々的に報道されたこともあり、明治10年ごろに一大サケの孵化放流ブームが起こり、最南では九州の壱岐島でも孵化場を作りたいという要望が届いたそうです。
 サケの回帰性は現在でも秋の風物詩になっていますが、明治時代の人も、サケを育てると数年後に帰ってくるということにロマンを感じたのでしょうか。

2004 06 22 12:01 PM | 固定リンク

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