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大船渡のカラフトマス漁

記事そのものは旧聞で、昨年5月の大船渡地方振興局水産部の「水産情報」です。

カラフトマス大漁  大船渡

 注目したのは、4月ごろから大船渡(岩手県の三陸南部になります)の定置網にカラフトマスがけっこう入るというところです。カラフトマスの遡上は先日紹介した安家川のように三陸北部までが主要な遡上域で、これより南部は遡上がみられるといってもはぐれたもの、ぐらいに思っていましたが、春先に回遊の関係でしょうか、けっこう網にはいるのですね。

 で、もっと興味をもったのはこの部分で


地元での呼称
カラフトマスをサクラマスと呼ぶ。
サクラマスをママスと呼ぶ。

 だそうです。実は宮城県本吉町でも同じ話を聞いていて、サクラマスがたまにのぼる、ということから「えっ?けっこう上るんじゃないの?」、なんか話がかみ合わないな、と思ってよくよく聞いてみたら、カラフトマスをサクラマスと言うとのこと。その時以来気になっていたのですが、大船渡でもそうということで、広がりのある呼び名のようですね。
 実際、日本ではシロザケが鮭、サクラマスが鱒の2種しかいなかった(知られていなかった)ので、ちょっと変な鮭や鱒に対して○○マスという呼称がつけられ、その後、生物学的な情報が増すにつれ、種の名称としてカタカナで表記される、サケやサクラマス、カラフトマス、ベニマスなどが生まれてきたのですから、サクラマスがマス(ママス=真鱒)であり、その他のサケ属魚類に対して、別の名前がつけられるのは当然なのかもしれません。本吉の話を聞いて以来、サクラマスやカラフトマスの在地の名称についてはちょっと気にしていたので、この記事をよみ、膝を叩いてしまいました。
 カラフトマスそのものは、南は茨城で獲れたという報告があるようですし、福島県浜通りまでは年間数匹程度ですが遡上がみられるようです。たぶん不思議な”マス”として、各地で地方名があるような気がしています。調査の折などに話が聞ければ、このサイトでも紹介していきたいと思います。

2004 07 20 09:18 AM | 固定リンク

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